Synapse Physiotherapy | Physio Center | Rehab Malaysia


Badminton, a popular racquet sport in Malaysia, demands agility, speed, and precision. However, the physical intensity of the game also exposes players to various injuries. To address these concerns effectively, establishing a sports injury clinic is essential. This article explores the most common sports injuries in badminton and the role of physiotherapy in their management.

Shoulder Injuries


Shoulder injuries often result from the repetitive overhead strokes in badminton. The twisting motion required for shots like smashes and clears stresses the shoulder muscles, particularly the rotator cuff, leading to strains and tears. Postural imbalances and asymmetry in shoulder movement patterns can also contribute to these injuries.


Symptoms of shoulder injuries include difficulty raising the arm, weakness, pain during specific movements, and sensations of popping or clicking in the shoulder joint.


Treatment for shoulder injuries may involve rest, ice therapy, physical therapy, and medication to manage pain and inflammation. Rehabilitation exercises aim to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility to prevent future injuries.


Preventive measures include warm-up routines, strengthening exercises to target shoulder muscles, and proper technique during gameplay to minimize strain on the shoulders.

Elbow Injuries


Lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, is prevalent in badminton due to the repetitive short hitting action unique to the sport. Gripping the racket tightly and performing quick hitting techniques can strain the tendons in the elbow, leading to pain and inflammation.


Symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow, which can spread to the upper or lower arm. Activities like lifting objects or making a fist may exacerbate the pain.


Treatment options include rest, ice therapy, pain medication, bracing, physical therapy, and, in severe cases, corticosteroid injections or surgery.

Ankle Injuries


Ankle sprains are common in badminton due to rapid footwork and sudden directional changes. Injuries often occur from incorrect landings or slipping during swift movements on the court.


Symptoms of ankle injuries include pain, swelling, bruising, tenderness, restricted range of motion, and feelings of instability at the joint.


Treatment involves rest, ice therapy, compression, elevation, pain medication, physical therapy, and, in severe cases, medical interventions or surgery.


Preventive measures include warm-up routines, wearing supportive footwear, using ankle braces or tape, and investing in quality badminton shoes to reduce the impact on ankles during jumps and landings.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How can I prevent shoulder injuries in badminton?

Shoulder injury prevention tips include warming up before play, strengthening shoulder muscles, maintaining proper technique, and avoiding overexertion.

2. What is the best way to treat tennis elbow from badminton?

Treatment options for tennis elbow include rest, ice therapy, pain medication, bracing, physical therapy, and, if necessary, corticosteroid injections or surgery.

3. How long does it take to recover from an ankle sprain in badminton?

Recovery time for ankle sprains varies depending on the severity of the injury. Mild sprains may heal within a few weeks with rest and rehabilitation, while severe sprains may take several months.

4. Can physiotherapy help prevent recurrent ankle sprains in badminton players?

Yes, physiotherapy can help strengthen ankle muscles, improve flexibility, and enhance stability, reducing the risk of recurrent ankle sprains in badminton players.

5. What are some tips for returning to badminton after recovering from an ankle injury?

Gradually reintroduce activities, follow a tailored rehabilitation program, wear supportive footwear, use ankle braces if necessary, and prioritize proper technique to prevent reinjuries. 


In conclusion, badminton players are susceptible to various sports injuries due to the physical demands of the game. However, with proper preventive measures and timely intervention, many of these injuries can be managed effectively. Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in the rehabilitation process, offering tailored treatment plans to address the unique needs of each player. Synapse Physiotherapy, with its specialised expertise in sports injury management, provides comprehensive care to help badminton players recover from injuries, prevent future setbacks, and enhance performance on the court. With a focus on excellence and patient-centered care, Synapse Physiotherapy is committed to promoting health, longevity, and resilience in the badminton community.

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