Synapse Physiotherapy | Physio Center | Rehab Malaysia


Scoliosis presents a multifaceted spinal deformity affecting three planes: frontal curvature, horizontal axial rotation, and sagittal plane irregularities. Diagnosis typically relies on assessing the Cobb angle, with angles exceeding 10° deemed significant. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) specifically denotes a three-dimensional spinal abnormality appearing during puberty in otherwise healthy youngsters. While scoliosis can manifest at any age, its prevalence peaks during adolescence, typically between ages 10 and 18. As the foremost pediatric spinal deformity, scoliosis affects a considerable portion of the pediatric population worldwide, with estimates by the International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) ranging from 0.93% to 12%. Timely detection and appropriate intervention are paramount in managing scoliosis effectively


The most common kind of scoliosis is called idiopathic scoliosis. It’s usually found when people begin puberty. Idiopathic scoliosis represents one of three primary types of scoliosis, characterized by an abnormal curvature of the spine. The term “idiopathic” signifies that no specific cause can be identified. It stands as the most prevalent form of scoliosis, often exhibiting a familial tendency and disproportionately impacting girls over boys at a ratio of eight to one. While idiopathic scoliosis may manifest in various degrees of severity, many cases are mild and necessitate only vigilant observation without the need for active treatment.

Ways to improve teenagers’ good posture


Promoting good posture and healthy habits from an early age can significantly contribute to reducing the risk of developing scoliosis or mitigating its progression in children. Scoliosis is often idiopathic, meaning its exact cause is unknown, but certain factors such as poor posture and muscular imbalances can contribute to its development or exacerbation. Encouraging proper posture involves educating children about the importance of maintaining alignment in the head, shoulders, and hips while sitting, standing, and walking. When the spine is properly aligned, it experiences less stress and strain, reducing the likelihood of developing abnormal curvatures.

Regular exercise is crucial for strengthening the muscles that support the spine and promoting optimal spinal alignment. Activities like swimming, yoga, and Pilates focus on core strength and flexibility, which are essential for maintaining good posture. Additionally, providing ergonomic furniture, such as supportive chairs and desks at appropriate heights, helps ensure that children maintain proper alignment while sitting during activities like studying or using electronic devices.

Another important aspect of preventing scoliosis is minimizing the strain on the spine caused by heavy backpacks. Encouraging children to use both shoulder straps and distribute the weight evenly can reduce the risk of developing muscular imbalances or structural issues that may contribute to scoliosis.

Furthermore, reducing sedentary behaviors, such as excessive screen time, and promoting breaks for physical activity not only support overall health but also encourage proper spinal alignment. Activities that promote movement and engagement of different muscle groups help prevent stiffness and promote optimal posture.

Supportive footwear with proper arch support and cushioning is also essential for maintaining healthy spinal alignment and reducing the risk of imbalances that may contribute to scoliosis.

Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, adequate hydration, and sufficient sleep, supports overall growth and development, including the musculoskeletal system. Regular check-ups with healthcare providers allow for monitoring of growth and development, as well as early detection of any signs of scoliosis or other musculoskeletal issues that may require intervention.




Scoliosis diagnosis in children and teenagers often occurs during routine medical examinations due to the absence of noticeable symptoms. Scoliosis chiropractors undertake a comprehensive diagnostic approach, which typically commences with a thorough review of the child’s medical history and family background. This inquiry may uncover any potential underlying medical conditions contributing to spinal curvature, with some cases even identified through school screenings. Following this, a physical examination is conducted to assess the child’s posture and detect any asymmetry in the trunk or shoulders. Notably, when the child bends forward, the doctor observes for signs such as one side of the rib cage appearing higher than the other, indicative of possible scoliosis. However, the most definitive diagnostic tool is x-ray imaging, which provides detailed insights into the extent and severity of the spinal curvature. By evaluating these x-ray images, practitioners can accurately determine the severity of the condition and devise appropriate treatment strategies tailored to each individual case.


Sign and symptom 

Teenagers with idiopathic scoliosis may exhibit several signs and symptoms, including uneven shoulder height, an uneven waistline, and rib prominence when bending forward. Additionally, they may display differences in hip alignment and changes in posture, such as leaning to one side or appearing to lean forward. Some individuals may experience mild to moderate back pain, particularly as the curvature progresses, leading to discomfort and fatigue, especially after prolonged periods of standing or sitting. In severe cases where the curvature affects the chest cavity, breathing difficulties may occur, though this is less common. 


Treatments Goal 


The treatment goals for children with scoliosis are multifaceted, aiming to address various aspects of the condition to improve overall health and well-being. Firstly, the primary objective is to halt or slow the progression of the spinal curvature. By implementing interventions that stabilize or correct the curvature, healthcare providers aim to prevent further advancement of the deformity, thereby minimizing its impact on the child’s spine and overall health. Additionally, treatment seeks to alleviate any associated pain, discomfort, or limitations in mobility that may arise as a result of scoliosis. This aspect of care is crucial for enhancing the child’s comfort and quality of life. Moreover, as scoliosis can sometimes lead to respiratory complications due to the compression of the chest cavity, treatment focuses on preventing or managing these respiratory issues to ensure optimal lung function and respiratory health. Furthermore, efforts are directed towards improving posture and spinal alignment, which not only enhances physical function but also contributes to the child’s overall appearance and self-esteem. Ultimately, the overarching goal of scoliosis treatment is to enhance the child’s quality of life by addressing the physical, functional, and emotional aspects of the condition, enabling them to lead a fulfilling and active life.




Treatment options for scoliosis vary depending on factors such as the severity of the curvature and the stage of skeletal growth. Observation is often recommended for mild curves in children whose skeletons are still developing. This involves regular monitoring by a doctor to track any changes in the spine over time. Bracing may be advised for moderate curves in growing children or teenagers to prevent further progression. Braces are customized to the individual and worn for a specified number of hours each day to halt or slow the curvature’s advancement. Research indicates that braces are effective when worn consistently during growth periods. In cases where scoliosis persists and progresses despite bracing, surgery may be necessary. Surgical interventions, such as spinal fusion or the insertion of expandable rods, aim to correct the curvature and stabilize the spine. These procedures carry risks, and discussions with a surgeon are essential to weigh the potential benefits against potential complications. Additionally, physical therapy may be recommended to strengthen the muscles supporting the spine and improve overall musculoskeletal function.


In conclusion, it’s imperative for parents to pay close attention to their children’s posture from a young age. By promoting good posture habits and implementing preventive measures, such as ergonomic furniture, regular exercise, and proper backpack use, parents can help reduce the risk of developing or exacerbating idiopathic scoliosis. Early detection is also crucial, as it allows for timely intervention to prevent the progression of the condition. Consulting a professional scoliosis practitioner for a thorough assessment is recommended, as they can provide personalized guidance and treatment options if necessary. For those seeking scoliosis assessment and treatment, Synapse Physiotherapy offers specialized care and expertise in this area. Feel free to reach out to Synapse Physiotherapy for comprehensive scoliosis assessment and treatment services.

Share This :

Back & Neck Pain